Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) may soon become the future of password cracking and supercomputing. They are dynamic silicon chips that are being used for extreme speed in particular operations. FPGAs are loaded with logic blocks which are wired together with switches or interconnects laid out on silicon like other chips. There is a small quantity of memory in the form of SRAM or an anti-fuse for each programmable element.
FPGAs have special hardware to take care of global clock drivers and cycles and they can be fitted with particular function embedded cores like digital signal processors. FPGAs are now being driven by markets and applications for high volumes and low cost. They do not have the confinement to markets with high cost and high power consumption. Innovative mid range FPGAs with a density range from 10K to 250K LUTs are being used in wireless applications like remote radio heads. Other areas that are utilizing the mid range FPGAs are the security surveillance video displays.
The FPGA chip will have input and output pins to enable designing of the digital circuitry to perform tasks. You can take two input valves and use the logic blocks and look up tables to add the values together and return the result. As an alternative, you can have the FPGA adjust the fan speed based on a temperature sensor input.
FPGAs do not run a code unlike the conventional CPU. In traditional CPUs, the operating system lines up the instructions in a queue for the processor to do the tasks one at a time. The FPGAs are hard wired in such a way that they are made to be parallel designs which are free from instructive operations as those instructions are already built-in.
FPGAs can speed up simulations and decryption jobs. They can also be used to bust the passwords as the FPGA cluster would be able to crack specific passwords because of its computational power which is like two thousand dual processors. FPGAs are going to be extremely fast and inexpensive to manufacture.